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DV is violence that occurs between male and female partners in an intimate relationship (spouses, lovers, etc.), and is a serious human rights violation that can be treated as a criminal act.
The majority of victims are women.
In the background of this issue lies some social-structure problems between men and women, such as social positions, economic disparity, old-fashioned thinking about role-sharing, remnants of contempt for human rights, especially those of women, etc.
DV is not just physical violence, but is a complex overlap of many types of violence (attempts at control). DV in romantic relationships, particularly so-called "Dating Violence," can make a partner’s attempts at control seem to the victim like love.
In this way, victim and perpetrator alike can create a DV, or DV-like, relationship without realizing it.
A. Physical violence
Physical violence such as striking, kicking, nudging, throwing things, etc
B. Mental violence
Neglect, denial of humanity, repeated verbal abuse, such as "You are stupid" or "I am the one who feeds you," etc.
C. Sexual violence
Forced sexual intercourse, forcing to watch pornographic videos and magazines, not cooperating with birth control, etc.
DV takes place in a cycle. As the three stages of the cycle are repeated, the level of violence steadily increases in intensity.
Beginning Stage (Honeymoon Phase) → Tension Building Phase → Acting-out Phase (Stage of Violence)
This violence will repeat itself. When will you stop the cycle?
When you want someone to listen:
Spousal Violence Support Center, Gender Equality Center
When you need to get away right away:
Spousal Violence Support Center (temporary refuge)
When you need help keeping the other person away (to apply for a restraining order to stop the DV):
Spousal Violence Support Center, the police, notary public office, regional courthouse
When you need a place to live away from the abuser:
Public housing, etc.
When you want to discuss your children:
Child Consultation Office, child-care centers, schools, Boards of Education, abuse hotlines
When you need physical care:
Spousal Violence Support Center (counseling), health departments, hospitals, and mental health care centers
When you need money for living expenses and medical fees:
Public Welfare Office, National Health Insurance Office (for medical insurance bills), Hello Work (for help finding a job)
When you want a divorce:
Law associations, family courthouse (apply for divorce mediation)
In an emergency:
Police (110), Ambulance (119)
The law for the Prevention of Spousal Violence and the Protection of victims’ was put in force in October 2001 in order to protect victims and stop spousal abuse. The revised law was put in force in December 2004.
Orders to prohibit approaching the spouse (6 months) and orders to leave the place of residence (2 months) are issued by the local court dependent upon application by a victim when there is a serious risk of life-threatening or bodily harm by a violent spouse. Other tactics like telephone restraining orders are also possible.
If the spouse breaks the order of protection, they are sentenced to up to 1 year’s imprisonment or fined up to 1,000,000 yen.
Please see the text of the DV Prevention Law for details.
Please refer to each organization as for consulting date, time, means, etc. Appointments may be required by some organizations.
Consultation in foreign languages may not be available with some services.
110 in emergency (Police)Other consulting organizations in foreign languages: