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In terms of large-scale earthquakes, it is expected that the many fault lines in Kyoto Prefecture, such as the Hanaore fault and Nara Basin Toen fault, will cause inland earthquakes. There is also a high probability of large damage occurring from a Tonankai-Nankai earthquake predicted to take place at sea.
First, move under a table or desk to protect your body. Calmly extinguish any fires, if possible. Protect children and the elderly. If the power supply is suspended due to the earthquake, switch off the circuit breaker. When the power is restored, check the safety of your appliances before you switch the circuit breaker back on.
Guard your head with your bag or a similar object and stand near a wall or pillar. Stay away from glass and display shelving. Evacuate according to the directions of those in charge.
The train or bus may stop suddenly. Hold on to a strap or rail. Follow the instructions of the crew.
Don’t stop moving, and guard your head with your bag or a similar object until you have reached a safe area. Don’t go near vending machines or the walls of buildings.
Crouch down between the seats. Guard your head with your bag. Evacuate according to the directions of the ushers.
Slow down gradually and stop the car on the left-hand side of the road. If you exit your car, leave your key in the ignition and don’t lock the door.
Stay away from the coast and rivers, and evacuate to higher ground as quickly as possible.
Earthquakes occur suddenly. If you prepare for the worst, you will not regret it. You should hold a family meeting monthly, and discuss household antidisaster measures as well as responses and means to protect yourself in the event of an earthquake.
Preventing objects from falling
Category one items are to be taken with you in an evacuation as a result of an earthquake. As a rough standard, an adult male’s share is 15 kg, and an adult female’s share is 10 kg. The items should be dispersed across multiple rucksacks in case the family members should be separated.
Category two items are for self-sufficiency until recovery from the earthquake is complete. The standard is the amount needed to last a family 3 days.
Ascertain other necessary items according to particular family needs.
How strong is your house against earthquakes? Carry out an analysis and strengthen it!
Use foundations made with reinforced concrete fixed with bolts.
Replace corroded parts and parts eaten by termites.
Strengthen joints such as foundations, poles, beams, etc, with metal fittings.
Increase the strength of walls with plywood, increase the amount of walls, and check that they are well-balanced.
When a large-scale earthquake occurs, municipal disaster prevention activities may not always run smoothly owing to bad conditions. Autonomous disaster prevention activities by local residents such as fire fighting, victim rescue, and evacuation are essential to prevent and reduce damage. Form an ’autonomous disaster prevention organization’ in your area to carry out disaster prevention training.
Your life is the most important thing. When an earthquake occurs, protect yourself first.
Put out any fires emanating from cooking and heating equipment with the assistance of other people. If you rush to put out cooking fires, implements may fall on you and cause injury. Wait for the shaking to stop before calmly extinguishing any flames.
In buildings made with reinforced concrete the building may become warped whilst the door is closed, and subsequently the door cannot be opened.
Put out fires at once in cooperation with your neighbors before they spread to the ceiling.
If you escape outside, be cautious of falling tiles and glass and do not panic.
Be aware of objects that may fall easily such as block walls, gateposts or automatic vending machines.
If you experience an earthquake in mountainous or coastal areas, evacuate immediately.
Evacuate to refuge on foot. Don’t use cars or motorbikes.
Help each other, including the aged people, the handicapped, the injured, etc.
Don’t get drawn in by groundless rumors, and obtain reliable information from radio and TV.